Racetams are a family of nootropic compounds. They are all based off the parent nootropic, piracetam, one of the first nootropics to be discovered. All racetams share the same basic structure, namely a 2-pyrollidone nucleus that is composed of hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Racetam uses vary from person to person, but most compounds in the racetam family have been shown to improve energy levels, and various components of brain health and performance, like memory, focus, and learning.
There are currently 19 individual racetams that have been discovered. Some of the most common and popular include:
Each racetam provides a wide range of potential benefits to physical and cognitive health.
As the first nootropic discovered, piracetam has become one of the most popular racetams. Research shows that for greater levels of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine to enter the brain. This may potentially improve brain health and cognitive performance.
Studies suggest that piracetam may enhance sensory perceptions, concentration, and motivation. In the long-term, piracetam has been shown to increase neuroplasticity, thereby supporting memory recall and learning.
Aniracetam is considered a longer-lasting form of piracetam. Much of this is because aniracetam is fat soluble, which makes it unique to many other compounds in the racetam family, because the body takes longer to break down aniracetam.
Aniracetam may help to increase concentration, focus, and attention, These potential racetam benefits make aniracetam popular for studying. Studies have also shown that aniracetam may improve your perception of colors and sounds, enhance creativity, and reduce social anxieties.
Research on coluracetam suggests that it is unique among racetams by potentially increasing the uptake of choline into neurons. Studies also show that coluracetam may be particularly effective in areas involving visual processing. Preliminary trials suggest that coluracetam may lead to long-term improvements in memory.
Initially developed as a potential treatment for Alzheimer’s, fasoracetam is often considered a more powerful version of piracetam. Studies show that fasoracetam may improve general intelligence and may be effective in alleviating symptoms of depression and anxiety. Initial studies on the compound also suggest that it may be promising as a alternative for attention hyper-deficit disorder.
Oxiracetam presents many of the same effects as other racetams, but it is considered to be five times more powerful than piracetam.
Oxiracetam has most often been shown to boost memory, particularly long-term memory formation and recall. Oxiracetam has also been shown to offer cleaner, more fluid thinking, along with improved focus and motivation. Evidence also suggests that oxiracetam may effectively increase critical reasoning and logical thinking abilities.
Phenylpiracetam is a slightly modified form of piracetam with an attached phenyl group molecule. In studies, this modified form of piracetam has been shown to be up to 60 times more powerful than piracetam.
Research shows that phenylpiracetam may improve memory abilities, learning capacity, and general concentration.
Pramiracetam has been shown to increase mental performance and improve certain intelligence metrics. Studies show that one of pramiracetam’s potential benefits is increased blood flow to the brain, accompanied by greater oxygen uptake and glucose metabolism. This suggest greater mental energy and greater alertness. It may also increase memory and learning abilities, and some evidence suggests that pramiracetam may be an effective alternative for Alzheimer’s, dementia, and ADHD.