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Aniracetam (Draganon, Sarpul, Ampamet, Memodrin, Referan) is an AMPAkine nootropic in the racetam family. It has been shown to be anxiolytic and cognitive enhancing. It selectively modulates the AMPA receptor and its anxiolytic properties might be mediated through the D2, nACh, or 5-HT2A receptors. It is rapidly broken down in the liver to form N-anisoyl-GABA, 2-pyrrolidone and anisic acid. While it is fat soluble, it is rapidly and completely absorbed in the GI tract. It does NOT need to be taken with fats to absorb. In fact, fats may lessen absorption through the GI tract.
Noopept (GVS-111) is a modified nootropic. It is made up of proline, glycine and a phenylacetyl group. It is not a racetam but shares a similar structure. It is neuroprotective and attenuates apoptosis and TAU hyperphosphorylation. It also stimulates the expression of NGF and BDNF in the hippocampus and has immunocorrection properties. It is not very orally bioavailable. Only roughly 9% of an oral dose gets to the bloodstream, so other routes of administration, like sublingual, are more effective.
For information, see Examine's article on Noopept.
Oxiracetam is a nootropic in the racetam family and has very mild stimulating properties. Research shows oxiracetam improves hippocampally-mediated learning performance by increasing membrane-bound protein kinase C (PKC). When compared to control mice, oxiracetam-treated DBA mice demonstrated a significant increase in spatial learning performance as determined by the Morris task. This increase in performance was correlated to an increase in membrane-bound PKC. Oxiracetam is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract with a bioavailability of 56-82%. Peak serum levels are reached within one to three hours after a single 800 mg or 2000 mg oral dose with the maximal serum concentration reaching between 19-31 µg/ml at these doses.
Piracetam (Nootropil) is a nootropic in the racetam family based around a 2-oxo-pyrrolidone base structure. It was the first nootropic discovered by Dr. Corneliu E. Giurgea in 1964. It is based on GABA and is a positive allosteric modulator of the AMPA and NMDA receptors. Piracetam improves the function of acetylcholine as well as increasing bloodflow to the brain and membrane fluidity.
Basic Nootropic Capsules Sample Pack Includes 15ct. Jars of:
You may also be interested in Advanced Racetam Sample Pack.
Attention: All chemical compounds have risks. Please consult your physician, and understand the available research, before consumption. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. It has not been approved, nor have these statements been evaluated, by the FDA.
The package came on the date expected.
- it contained what I expected
- the product worked as expected
- I enjoyed the learning and trial experience w/ all these piracetams Tyler on 16th Jan 2017
An excellent choice for first time -acetam users to sample. Alex F on 14th Nov 2016