What is Nicotinamide Mononucleotide (NMN Supplement | NAD+ Precursor)?
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide (NMN) is a derivative of Niacin. Niacin is a form of vitamin B3 and is also known as nicotinic acid. Vitamin B3 is one of 13 essential vitamins our bodies need. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide is known as a precursor to NAD+ (Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide), NAD+ is a coenzyme in all living cells and plays a role in processes such as metabolism to DNA repair. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide is a critical component in the production of NAD+ because the body converts Nicotinamide Mononucleotide into NAD+. Since NAD+ levels are critical for keeping the mitochondria working at optimal levels, Nicotinamide Mononucleotide is viewed as one of the more important compounds in regards to maintaining cellular health.
There are a few differences between Nicotinamide Mononucleotide vs Nicotinamide Riboside. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide is not considered a form of vitamin B3 while Nicotinamide Riboside has shown to be a proven form of vitamin B3. In terms of structure, Nicotinamide Mononucleotide molecules are larger and weigh more than Nicotinamide riboside molecules. Nicotinamide Mononucleotide has shown positive effects on NAD+ levels in animal models and is currently being tested in humans.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Benefits and Uses
- May help promote metabolic function
- May help support organ function
- May help promote physical activity levels
- May help support optimal cellular function
Vitality with Nicotinamide Mononucleotide
Our cells’ ability to produce energy declines as we age. Although science isn’t sure why this happens, research has discovered that NAD+ levels decrease as we age which leads to the belief that lowered NAD+ levels are responsible for lower energy levels and that using a Nicotinamide Mononucleotide supplement may compensate for the loss of energy production. Studies determined that supplementing with NADH was ineffective in animal trials, so this began research on raising NAD+ levels indirectly with a Nicotinamide Mononucleotide supplement.
Scientists ran several trials on the effects on mice after administering a Nicotinamide Mononucleotide supplement. Interestingly enough, energy promoting benefits were found exclusively in older mice. Research has found that Nicotinamide Mononucleotide benefits may help support overall cell proliferation. This leads to the belief that these cellular benefits are related to high NAD+ levels that maintain production of energy in the cell’s mitochondria.
Studies further found that regular NMN supplementation elevates NAD+ concentrations in the body, thus providing a readily available supply of NAD+ to be used. This research also demonstrated that NMN supplementation promotes the creation of NAD+ across organs such as the liver, muscle, kidneys, pancreas, blood vessels, and eyes. However, Nicotinamide Mononucleotide benefits go beyond increased NAD+ production. Some studies demonstrated that NMN may raise glucose tolerance and elevate insulin production under high fat diet conditions. This is believed to be the result of restoring sufficient NAD+ production and by balancing inflammation and stress caused by free radical damage. These studies found that NMN supports balanced inflammation levels within fatty tissue and improves sensitivity.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Stability
NMN has fairly lackluster stability and the powder needs to be stored at low temperatures. Due to this reason, we do not carry NMN powder, and instead we only carry enteric coated NMN tablets. The process of turning NMN into a tablet helps significantly improve stability, and to further improve on this, an enteric coating helps keep NMN even more stable!
During our manufacturing process, NMN is stored at very low temperatures in freezers, right before being turned into tablets. This helps ensure the best level of stability, so that you can experience the full benefits of NMN!
How Does NMN Absorb?
NMN has some very interesting absorption mechanisms, which leaves a lot of room for improving NMN bioavailability. In fact, there are even some rumors that NMN itself does not absorb at all, and has to be converted into Nicotinamide Riboside (NR) first. However, this rumor is false. NMN can absorb incredibly well by itself, but with a few caveats! For starters, NMN does not absorb in the stomach at all, and the compound is somewhat sensitive to the acidic environment in our stomach. NMN instead absorbs very rapidly and easily in the small intestines. This is due to the fact that NMN has its own specific transporter in the small intestines called Slc12a8.
Most compounds, including NMN, get absorbed through either passive diffusion mechanisms or active transporters. However, most of these active transporters are shared with other compounds, and can facilitate the transport of various different things. These different compounds then compete with each other for absorption through those transporters. For example, beta-alanine and taurine both share the same active transporter, and thus the two can compete for absorption. This is where NMN has a clear advantage! Since NMN has its own specific transporter, and if NMN makes it to the small intestines intact, it will be absorbed very efficiently. This is because there are no other compounds that can compete with NMN absorption through the Slc12a8 transporter. The trick here is getting NMN into the small intestines intact, and this is where an enteric coating comes in and helps to enhance overall NMN bioavailability!
Enteric Coating For Better NMN Bioavailability
Since NMN only absorbs in the small intestines through the Slc12a8 transporter, the best NMN bioavailability can be achieved by ensuring safe passage through the stomach and into the small intestines. NMN may degrade in the stomach due to the acidic conditions, thus we decided to put an enteric coating on our NMN tablets. This enteric coating prevents disintegration of the NMN tablet in the stomach and instead delays tablet disintegration until the NMN tablet reaches the small intestines. By utilizing the enteric coating, we can ensure the highest possible concentration of NMN in the small intestines, thus optimizing NMN bioavailability.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Stacks
NMN + NA-R-ALA for metabolic function: This combination may help support metabolic function and may help promote energy levels.
NMN + EZ Mega 3 Fish Oil for oxidation benefits: Combine these two for well rounded support for oxidation levels.
NMN + Cognizin Citicoline for cognitive function benefits: These two together make for a simple but potent stack for promoting memory and overall cognition.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Tablet Dosage
As a dietary supplement, take 1 enteric coated Nicotinamide Mononucleotide tablet 1-2 times daily.
Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Reviews
To gain more insight, see the Nicotinamide Mononucleotide tablet reviews and experiences below.
Where to Buy Nicotinamide Mononucleotide Tablets
Nootropics Depot offers 30ct and 60ct jars of high quality Nicotinamide Mononucleotide enteric coated tablets. Nootropics Depot’s Nicotinamide Mononucleotide has been lab-tested and verified for both product purity and identity.
Attention: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.